AIP: autoimmune protocol
Disaccharides: a sugar made of two joined monosaccharides, most commonly sucrose (glucose + fructose = white table sugar), lactose (galactose + glucose = milk), and maltose (glucose + glucose = the bi-product of starch break-down).
Fermentable: the chemical breakdown of an organic substance via microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi (yeast).
FODMAP: Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides Monosaccharides And Polyols. An elimination diet created by Monash University in Australia to treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
IBS: Irritable Bowl Syndrome. Symptoms include excess gas, bloating/distention, and chronic constipation or diarrhea.
Monosaccharides: single molecule sugars, or simple sugars, such as glucose (what your body breaks everything down into to use as energy), fructose (fruit sugar) and galactose (milk sugar).
Oligosaccharides: a sugar made of 3-10 monosaccharides, found in many types of vegetables
Polyols: sugar alcohols – most commonly found in artificial sweeteners and some vegetables, fruits, and fermented foods
SCD: Specific Carbohydrate Diet